List of Companies under Volkswagen

Volkswagen Group is the international name for Volkswagen AG. It is a world-famous automotive manufacturer in Germany. The whole operation of the company revolves on designing, manufacturing and distributing engines, motorcycles and – of course – vehicles. Volkswagen AG is so powerful that it was the seventh largest company in the whole world, according to the list from Fortune Global 500 in 2016.

A major reason why Volkswagen AG is such a massive company is how it managed to have 12 major subsidiaries with their respective iconic brands. Brace yourself for the list of companies under Volkswagen AG that are world leaders in the automotive industry.

AUDI

This German manufacturer of automobiles focuses on designing, engineering, producing, marketing and distributing luxury vehicles.

Audi has its roots back in the first part of the 20th century. In 1932, it started as the Auto Union because of the manufacturers Audiwerke, Horch, Wanderer, and DKW. It only began as Audi in the 1960s when Volkswagen acquired it from Daimler-Benz. The first series Volkswagen introduced for its launch is the Audi F103.

The company name has an interesting twist. “Audi” is a Latin word that means “listen.” Turns out, the German word for listen is “Horch.” Haven’t you realized the connection yet? The founder of Auto Union is August Horch.

When it comes to the logo, we can see four rings. These rings represent the four companies that formed the Auto Union. Meanwhile, the slogan of Audi is “Advancement through Technology.” Strangely though, Audi USA prefers “Truth in Engineering” and has been using it since 2007.

Audi is comparable to Mercedes and BMW when we talk about world sales for luxury cars.

LAMBORGHINI

The complete brand name is actually Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. Lamborghini is an Italian manufacturer of SUVs, sports cars, and supercars. Volkswagen AG owns this company because of Audi.

In 1963, the brand name was longer to acknowledge its powerful Italian founder. Automobili Ferruccio Lamborghini S.p.A. managed to closely compete with Ferrari because of its Miura sports coupé in 1966. Miura became the standard for high-quality vehicles of its time due to its rear-wheel drive and rear mid-engine.

After a series of ownership, Volkswagen AG finally acquired Lamborghini in 1998. However, Audi is the one with direct control over the Italian brand.

BENTLEY

Since 1998, this British marketer and manufacturer of SUVs and luxury vehicles have been a Volkswagen AG subsidiary. Bentley Motors Limited’s main office is in Crewe, England.

In 1919, W. O. Bentley founded Bentley Motors Limited in Cricklewood, North London.  Memorable Bentley sports cars in the past namely Bentley Speed Six, Bentley 4 1/2 Litre, Bentley Arnage, Bentley Turbo R and Bentley R Type Continental became the inspirations for current popular models such as the Mulsanne, Bentley Bentayga, Continental GT and Continental Flying Spur.

Eventually, Rolls-Royce acquired Bentley in 1931. However, the engineering corporation Vickers managed to acquire Rolls-Royce Motors in the later years. By 1998, Vickers finally decided to sell Rolls-Royce to no other than Volkswagen AG. The purchase obviously included Bentley, specifically its administration, production, model nameplates, designs, and logos.

Just because Bentley is in Crewe does not mean that every new creation emerges there. Some models’ assembly is in Germany, specifically at Dresden factory owned by Volkswagen. The manufacture of the Bentayga is at the Volkswagen Bratislava Plant while the Continental is in Zwickau.

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2018: TOP 10 FASTEST CARS IN THE WORLD

Hold on to your butts: these are the ten fastest exotic cars in the world today.

Hold on to your butts: these are the ten fastest exotic cars in the world today.

Let’s get real. There are many ways to measure who is the king of automobiles, but top speed is surely the one everyone cares most about. These ten exotic supercars are more than just fun though: they’re the fastest production cars on planet earth. One-off custom jobs didn’t make the cut.

Of course, there are new cars on the horizon (we’re looking at you, Bugatti). But for now, this is it. Enjoy.

1. HENNESSEY VENOM F5: 301 MPH

Boasting a claimed top speed of 301 mph, the Venom F5 smashes the previous top speed figure by more than a school zone speed limit. To do so, Hennessey started with an all-new, 2,950-pound carbon fiber chassis (the Venom GT is based on the Lotus Exige), and bolted a 1,600-hp, 7,4-liter, twin-turbo V8 to it. The results are absolutely astonishing, as the car can reportedly go from 0 to 249 to 0 mph in less than 30 seconds total. Hennessey has yet to confirm its top speed with the Guinness Book of World Records, so the Koenigsegg Agera RS remains the official fastest car in the world … for now.


2. KOENIGSEGG AGERA RS: 278 MPH

In terms of spec sheets, Hennessey’s Venom F5 is more impressive. Its claimed top speed of 301 mph obliterates everything else on this list by a significant margin, but Hennessey hasn’t verified its numbers with the Guinness Book of World Records. Koenigsegg has, so even though it gets the silver medal here, in the real world, the Agera RS is the true speed king.

To set the official record, Koenigsegg asked the Nevada Department of Transportation to close an 11-mile stretch of Route 160 between Las Vegas and Pahrump. On public roads, the 1,160-hp Swedish supercar hit 284.55 mph during its first run and 271.19 mph during the second, which averages out to 277.9 mph.


3. HENNESSEY VENOM GT: 270MPH

Hennessey recorded a 270.4-mph run at the Kennedy Space Center in 2014, but only in one direction. To be considered legitimate, record attempts usually require a run in each direction, and an average is taken to account for wind conditions. There’s also some debate about whether the Hennessey Venom qualifies as a production car due to its hand-built nature. Hennessey’s monster wasn’t recognized as the world’s fastest car by the Guinness Book of World Records.

4. BUGATTI CHIRON: 261 MPH

No list is complete without a supercar from the legendary Bugatti. The Veyron was a monumental feat of engineering, a supercar whose performance was so marvelous, Top Gear presenter James May compared it to the automobile equivalent of the Concorde. After 10 years of production, the Volkswagen Group has unveiled the Veyron’s successor, the Bugatti Chiron. The Chiron is a king among supercars, which is fitting, as kings will be among the few to obtain one — only 500 were released for the first generation, and they cost a staggering $2.6 million each.


5. BUGATTI VEYRON SUPER SPORT: 268 MPH

When Volkswagen purchased the Bugatti brand, it had one goal: build the fastest production car in the world. The original Veyron achieved that goal, and with a price tag of $1.7 million and a quad-turbocharged W16 engine producing 1,000 hp. The Veyron was soon dethroned by the SSC Ultimate Aero, so Bugatti came back with the Veyron Super Sport. This beat pumps out an astonishing 1200 HP, and numerous aerodynamic changes meant to help gain a few extra miles per hour.

With a top speed of 268 mph recorded at Volkswagen’s test track, the Veyron Super Sport was once recognized as the world’s second fastest production car by the Guinness Book of World Records.


6. SCC ULTIMATE AERO: 256 MPH

Shelby SuperCars (SSC) has nothing to do with Carroll Shelby of Cobra fame, but for a moment its Ultimate Aero was the fastest production car in the world. It reached a top speed of 256 mph back in 2007, beating the non-Super Sport version of the Veyron.

Helping it achieve that warm speed was a 6.3-liter twin-turbocharged V8 with 1,287 hp. There are no electronic driver aids to help control that power either, creating a purer driving experience for those with talent.


7. TESLA ROADSTER: 250MPH (UNVERIFIED)

The original Tesla Roadster was a sports car based on the Lotus Elise, and although its performance was certainly impressive, it’s more known for establishing Tesla as a legitimate player in the automotive world. The new Roadster is another thing altogether. This second-generation Roadster features the most impressive spec sheet of any EV before it — 0 to 60 mph in 1.9 seconds, 0 to 100 mph in 4.2 seconds, and a claimed top speed of 250 mph. In addition to the ridiculous acceleration and speed, Musk claims the Roadster will boast a range of 620 miles.



8. SALEEN S7 TWIN TURBO: 248 MPH

Among performance addicts, the Saleen S7 is legend: exotic styling, insane performance, and tuning potential to name a few. But much of the vehicle’s appeal is actually historical. Produced from 2000 to 2009, the S7 was America’s first mid-engined supercar. Producing 750 hp, the vehicle could hit 60 mph in just 2.8 seconds before smashing the quarter-mile in 10.5 seconds. Its most stunning statistic is its top speed of 248 mph, making it one of the fastest cars ever put to pavement.



9. KOENIGSEGG CCR: 242 MPH

Swedish supercar builder Koenigsegg briefly held the “world’s fastest” title. Its CCR reached 242 mph at Italy’s Nardo Ring in 2005. Despite its impressive stats, the CCR’s moment in the spotlight was as brief as its claim on the world. It was soon supplanted by the CCX, and then by the current Agera. Koenigsegg says the Agera-based One:1 will top out at over 270 mph, but no one has tried it yet.


10. MCLAREN F1: 241 MPH

The Mclaren F1 is more than just a former world’s-fastest car. With its carbon-fiber body, gold-lined engine bay, 6.1-liter BMW M V12, and center driver’s seat, it just might be the coolest car ever made.

Years before it attempted to take on Ferrari and Porsche with the MP4-12C, McLaren was known only as a successful race team in Formula 1 and the defunct Can-Am series. Yet its first road car wasn’t exactly an amateur effort. The F1 went on to a fairly successful racing career in its own right, winning the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1995.

Za pet mjeseci od akciza na gorivo prikupljeno 165 miliona KM

Na posebnom podračunu Jedinstvenog računa na kojem se prikuplja posebna putarina od 1. februara, kada je počela primjena izmjena i dopuna Zakona o akcizama, zaključno sa 30. junom prikupljeno je 165 miliona KM, rekao je portparol Uprave za indirektno oporezivanje (UIO) BiH Ratko Kovačević.

On je podsjetio da se posebna putarina naplaćuje u iznosu 0,25 KM po litru derivata koji se proda na tržištu u BiH.

“Ta sredstva stoje na podračunu Jedinstvenog računa i biće raspoređena onog trenutka kad Upravni odbor /UO/ UIO donese poseban akt, odnosno odluku o koeficijentima za raspodjelu tih sredstava prema Republici Srpskoj, Federaciji BiH i Brčko distriktu”, dodao je Kovačević.

Srna u Ministarstvu finansija i trezora BiH saznaje da bi u utorak, 10. jula, trebalo da bude održana sjednica UO UIO.

Dosadašnji pokušaji da se postigne dogovor ministara finansija BiH i entiteta o raspodjeli prihoda od akciza nisu urodili plodom.

 

 

Čuvarkuća liječi upalu uha, bronhitis, čir na želucu i menstrualne tegobe

Cuvarkuca shutterstock 398718187

Prema drevnom vjerovanju, čuvarkuća štiti kuću i obitelj od požara, bolesti, zlih sila… Zato je i prozvana čuvarkućom. Poznata je i kao žednjak, cmilić, treset, možek, ušna, vazdaživ… Njezin latinski naziv Sempervivum znači “uvijek živuća”.

Doista je to vrlo otporna i “zahvalna” biljka koju je lako uzgojiti, a dokazano je da je čuvarica zdravlja jer sadrži obilje ljekovitih flavonoida i kiselina.

Ljekoviti sok

Mesnati listići puni su soka kojim se od davnina liječi uhobolja, tako da se iz lista iscijedi 2-3 kapi soka u bolno uho. Nekoliko minuta treba odležati i ostaviti tekućinu u uhu, a potom se okrenuti i pustiti da tekućina iscuri van iz uha.

Zbog protuupalnih i antiseptičkih svojstava, čuvarkuća je odličan prirodni lijek za kožne bolesti i rane te prva pomoć kod uboda insekata i opeklina. U narodnoj medicini koristi se i za tretiranje bradavica, kurjih očiju i sunčanih pjega, a može se nanositi i na mjesta koja su bolna zbog grčeva ili gihta. Koža se premaže sokom od čuvarkuće ili se stavi oblog od prerezanog lišća.

Svježe iscijeđen sok od čuvarkuće može se i piti (ili se može pojesti nekoliko listova) kao prirodni lijek za bronhitis, gnojne upale grla i zubnog mesa, pročišćenje crijeva, a uzima se i kao umirujuće sredstvo kod živčane rastrojenosti. Neka istraživanja pokazala su da čuvarkuća smanjuje rizik od raka te pomaže u liječenju kancerogenih bolesti.

Umirujući čaj

Od čuvarkuće se može pripremiti i čaj koji se preporučuje protiv menstrualnih tegoba, proljeva i čira na želucu. Pogodan je i za ispiranje afta ili ranica u ustima te za ispiranje grla u slučaju gnojne angine. U 2,5 dcl vode stavite 12 g osušenih ili 10 g svježih listova čuvarkuće te kuhajte 15 minuta, a potom procijedite i pustite da se malo ohladi. Preporučuje se šalica čaja ujutro na prazan želudac, a nakon toga svakih sat vremena po jednu žlicu čaja, dok ne popijete pripremljenu količinu.

Mješavina čuvarkuće i meda (750 g svježih listova sameljite i pomiješajte s 1 kg meda) smatra se odličnim prirodnim lijekom za miome i tegobe sa štitinjačom, tako da se uzima 1 žlica ujutro natašte, a tijekom dana još 1-2 žlice.

Na bolnu slezenu stavljaju se topli oblozi od listova čuvarkuće skuhanih u mlijeku, a hladni napitak od čuvarkuće (1-2 lista stavite u čašu vode i pustite da odstoji pola sata) preporučuje se protiv groznice.